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By Tony Cross - Sri Lanka's government will face down pressure for an international inquiry into a video which appears to show soldiers killing prisoners in cold blood, International Trade Minister GL Peiris has told RFI. Peiris insists that the video has been faked by Tamil rebel sympathisers.
The footage, which has been distributed by a group called Journalists for Democracy in Sri Lanka and broadcast by several TV channels in Europe, is "entirely fictitious", according to the minister.
UN special rapporteur Philip Alston on Friday called for an investigation into the video.
But Peiris indignantly rejects the call.
“How many international inquiries is Sri Lanka supposed to subject itself to," he asks, "now there is the inquiry that Brussels has ordered in respect of human rights in Sri Lanka, that is the European Commission. At this rate it would seem that Sri Lanka does not have the status of a sovereign state at all."
The alleged executions supposedly took place during the offensive which finally defeated the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam, the LTTE, in May, and were supposedly captured on a mobile phone.
Peiris argues that LTTE supporters have previously produced a video which supposedly showed the guerrillas' leader, Vellupillai Prabhakaran, “with a smug expression on his face, watching his own body" on television after he had been killed by government troops.
"In the Sri Lankan media somebody has done a technical analysis of this and pointed out certain technical flaws, which clearly demonstrate that this is a fake," Peiris claims. But he adds that the govenrment may look into the evidence itself.
Press freedom campaigners, Reporters Without Borders (RSF), reject Peiris's accusation of trickery.
"This happened in January when there were no journalists in the area," says Vincent Brossel in an email to RFI. "It is not easy - even impossible - to get this video off a soldier. It was Sri Lankan journalists with no sympathy for the LTTE who made it public, not some small Tamil group."
While acknowledging US assistance in defeating the LTTE, Peiris is indignant at international criticism of alleged human rights abuses during the war.
“Now Sri Lanka with its modest resources managed to do something that nobody else was able to do, that is to overcome terrorism by military means," he says.
"But what has been the reaction of some countries? Are they pleased about it? Have they expressed solidarity with Sri Lanka? Have they reached out? Have they offered good will and friendship? No. It has always been criticism, judgemental postures, hectoring, all of that."
An estimated 297,000 Tamils were housed in refugee camps as the military pursued their offensive. They are soon likely to face grim conditions when monsoon rains break.
About 59,000 have been returned to their homes, according to the government.
"We’re fully conscious of the fact that there is an element of urgency," says Peiris. "These people have to be resettled, the monsoons are going to create a problem."
But "the main constraint is demining", he says. Ordnance left from the war make most of the area too dangerous for resettlement at the moment, he says.
The government has indicated 70-80 per cent will be able to return “in the next few months”.
Meanwhile, the military is searching for thousands of LTTE fighters who they believe have hidden among the displaced people, interrogating suspects and separating them from the others.
"Certainly, a significant number have found their way into the camps," says Peiris. "They will have to be isolated from the others and they cannot be sent back immediately into civil society because don’t forget that thousands of army personnel … sacrificed their lives to achieve this result. So nobody wants a resumption of hostilities."
And there are arms caches in the evacuated areas, the government says, meaning that guerrillas could use them to stage new attacks.
"If the LTTE cadres that are at present in the camps are simply sent out, then it will be a relatively easy matter for them to secure access to the arms which they have hidden," Peiris says.
"Just one or two big incidents will destroy everything that has been accomplished at very considerable cost in terms of human lives and suffering during the last few months."
The UN children's fund, Unicef, on Monday rejected claims that its communications chief, James Elder, has been spreading LTTE propaganda.
The government says that it is reviewing a move to expel Elder from the country.
© Radio France International
Wednesday, September 09, 2009
Wednesday, September 09, 2009
By Louis Charbonneau - U.N. Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon criticized Sri Lanka on Tuesday for revoking the work visa of a spokesman for the U.N. children's foundation UNICEF, whom Colombo accuses of spreading rebel propaganda.
"The secretary-general strongly regrets the decision of the Sri Lankan government to expel Mr. James Elder, spokesman for UNICEF in Sri Lanka," U.N. spokesman Farhan Haq told reporters.
He said Ban would raise the issue with Sri Lankan President Mahinda Rajapaksa "at the earliest opportunity."
Sri Lanka's Foreign Secretary Palitha Kohona said on Monday that Elder's visa had been revoked because he had spread Tamil Tiger propaganda. UNICEF denied the allegation.[ID:nCOL462279]
Last week U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Susan Rice voiced "grave concern" about video footage aired by Britain's Channel 4 television showing what appeared to be the summary execution of unarmed, naked and blindfolded men in Sri Lanka.
Sri Lanka also said on Monday that it had analyzed the Channel 4 footage and determined it was faked in a way that was typical of the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), the rebels the government defeated in May after a 25-year war.
It was not immediately clear if there was any connection between the issue of the video footage, which has angered the Sri Lankan government, and the decision to force out Elder.
Philip Alston, U.N. special rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, said last week that he hoped the United Nations would open an investigation to determine whether Sri Lankan soldiers did in fact summarily execute Tamils, which would be a violation of international law.[ID:nN01488204]
Ban has not called for a separate U.N. investigation of the Channel 4 video footage, though he did raise the issue with Sri Lanka's Human Rights Minister Mahinda Samarasinghe.
The Channel 4 footage can be seen here: (http://www.channel4.com/news/articles/world/asia_pacific/execution+video+is+this+evidence+of+war+crimes+in+sri+lanka/3321087).
Sri Lanka has repeatedly denied that it committed multiple human rights violations during the final months of its war against the LTTE, who had retreated to a narrow strip of coast in northeastern Sri Lanka along with hundreds of thousands of civilians.
Western and U.N. officials said the Sri Lankan army was using heavy artillery to shell the LTTE, even though it knew the rebels were using the innocent civilians trapped in the area as human shields. The army rejected the charge.
U.N. officials say that thousands of civilians were killed during the last months of the war.
Expulsion of UNICEF staff member brings dismay from UN - UN News Center
Aid worker James Elder 'supported terrorism': Sri Lanka - The Australian
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